Sports and physical training
The article attributed to a section: Sport in schools and children's health
Now the health of the Russian population, especially young people, leaves much to be desired, and the dynamics of unfavorable health outcomes. Two school physical education lessons a week, do not allow the students to develop fully the need for regular physical training. Extra-curricular sport and physical education and health improvement work is an integral part of the educational process aimed at the education of physically and mentally fully developed personality. This contributes to the organization and holding of sports
The problems solved in the extracurricular activities are varied:
health promotion, hardening and diverse physical development of pupils;
their education in patriotism, collectivism and friendship, the development of high moral and volitional qualities, improving discipline and organization;
extensive development of individual sports in school and improving sports and technical results of students;
summing up a training operation, performance sports classification, identification of the interests of children to different sports, attracting students to the systematic physical exercise, promotion and popularization of the sport.
Great, invaluable role of schools in physical education of the younger generation. Children pass through it, and how the teacher can instill enduring love for physical culture and sport, depends on how strong, healthy, strong-willed take the life of our school graduates.
A well-designed system of extracurricular activities is largely due to physical education and sports development among rural schoolchildren.
To achieve mass coverage of extra-curricular student work, using a variety of forms of organization: sports, sports festivals, classes in sports clubs, etc. Special attention is paid to these activities relevant training materials being studied in class to a combination of academic and extracurricular activities contributed to improving motor skills of children, promote health, imparts to students a love of systematic physical training and sports.
Through sports and public events, be sure to take into account peculiarities of the students.
Primary school age (1-IV grades)
characterized by a sufficient development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This allows you to carry out activities with a significant intensity of the action. However, despite the greater mobility, the children get tired quickly, given their unstable. Therefore, in the course of action to take short breaks to rest. Pupils at this age, the subject-creative thinking. On this basis, organizes competitions, relay races, parties on the basis of plots of fairy tales. Since the coordination of movements in children is not perfect, the ongoing activities include actions requiring display accuracy of movements, a sense of time and space.
Poor development of the musculoskeletal system (especially abdominal and back) do not allow the use of exercises with active martial arts, with a carrying and passing each other heavy objects. However, not short-term counter-power voltage (tug). The guys at this age are beginning to take shape social behavior skills, interest in the joint operations, the ability to fight for his place, and general order in the team. However, the guys are still poorly developed capacity for intellectual analysis, despite the fact that many of them already know how to take responsibility for their actions, hiding feelings, to show a sense of camaraderie.
Middle school age (V-VI classes)
characterized by the growing resistance of the organism in relation to the manifestation of physical effort. Increased functionality to disappear wasteful movements that require expenditure of energy, which allows children to participate in events with great intensity and relative duration of motor actions. At this age, strengthens bones and ligaments, muscle system continues to evolve, shaped and strengthened volitional, appear brighter than the qualities of courage, independence, determination and initiative. However, children do not always understand correctly, in what ratio are independent and self-discipline, activity and endurance, courage and caution. In this connection it is necessary to avoid undue excitement and tension.
Adolescence (VII-IX classes)
characterized by intensive development and reorganization of the whole organism. In physical exercise reflects many features of this transitional age, which is characterized by the transformation of boy to boy, girl - a girl. Strongly growing skeletal system (especially bones), the children add significantly to the growth. The cardiovascular system is well adapted to long-term continuity of motor actions. For 14-15 year ends on the development of the motor analyzer, which helps to improve coordination, precision and economy of movement. The physiological alteration of an organism complicates the nervous system, often expressed in violation of balance, sharpening sense of pride. It is therefore necessary to exercise tact and patience, combining these qualities with the demanding.
In high school (grades X-X1)
Military exercises are widely used and applied nature, sports (volleyball, soccer, etc.), all forms of gambling story-without touching the nature of conflict and contact between opponents.
Knowledge of the characteristics of the physical development of children allow sports events on a high pedagogical level.
Methods of preparation and holding of sports and fitness events
Holding school events and celebrations should begin in the second half of September, when students adapt to training loads.
Preparing and conducting sports competitions provides a range of activities
- The creation of the organizing committee;
- Development of "Regulations on the competition";
- Preparation of the program events;
- Development of scenarios (time, location, site layout, preparation of inventory, etc.);
- Allocation of responsibilities among the members of the organizing committee;
- Preparation and posting of notices and other information;
- Meetings with fizorgami or team captains, and familiarize them with the program of events;
- Training teams (taking into account various forms of employment);
- Selection and approval of the jury of the number of students, teachers;
- Meeting of the jury, together with representatives of the organizing committee;
- Preparation of diplomas, certificates, awards, souvenirs, gifts, etc.;
- Determination of the composition of the jury, honored guests and their timely warning;
- Preparation of the master and judge the informant;
- Preparation of the committee members to promote the (photographer, television, etc.);
- Verification of the material;
- Selection and recording of musical accompaniment;
- Design competition sites (flags, fencing, banners, etc.);
- Conducting of competitions;
- Registration information booth;
- Summarizing and reporting on the event.
Sports and physical training and trips to school
The program starts
September 1. Competition for Tourism
Two. Festival dedicated to the beginning of the school year
Orienteering, overcoming the obstacle course, contests, V-XI grade.
Athletic Classes I-XI
October Fall Cross "Golden Autumn" II Cl - 500 m; III Cl-800 m; IV Cl -1000 m; V-VI grade - 1500; VII grade-2000m; VIII - XI-grade 2000m (dev.); VIII- XI-grade 3000m (boys)
November 1. The mobile game "Sniper"
III - VI classes
December 1. School Gymnastics Championship.
Two. "Open House": the competition, "Mom, Dad, I - sporting family"
I-VII cells. (Dev.) - Pulling on the low rung of the Visa lying; VII-XI grade. (Dev.) - raising the body lying on his back, hands behind head; II-XI grade. (Small, young men) - Pulling up on the high bar, gymnastic obstacle course.
January 1. Pionerbol
Two. Fun starts
February 1. Superiority of the school cross-country skiing
Two. Festival dedicated to the Day of Defender of the Fatherland "Oh, come on, guys!"
Grade II-IV. - 1 km; V-VII cells. - 2 km; VIII-IX Cl. 3 miles; X-XI Cl. 3 km. (Dev.), 5 km. (Yun.)
Mass starts at the military-applied sports (IX-XI grade.)
March 1. Feast on the International Day of "A Come on, girls!"
Exercises with the objects, the elements of modern dance, games, relays
April 1. World Health Day
Two. School championship in high jump
May 1. Competitions in athletics
Two. School Football Championship
Three. Festival dedicated to the end of school year
Running: I-III cells. - 30 m; IV-IX cells. - 60 m;
X-XI cl. 100 meters; IV-XI grade. - Long jump with a takeoff; IV-IX cells. - Throwing the ball (150); X-XI grade. - Throwing grenades (was 500-700)
Mass starts in various sports.
Traditional Athletic devoted to the beginning of the school year.
Very popular among students of all ages enjoy our school Athletic, which traditionally takes place at the beginning of each school year. This relay requires the most careful preparation, as is the main street of the village. Training of judges and the organizing committee begins in late August. By holding the torch relay attracted the school administration, teachers, students, business leaders of the village, and private entrepreneurs. From the first day-school students are preparing teams for this relay. Layout stage, 1 day before the start that the students acquainted with their distance. Teams are formed from each class, from first to eleventh, mixed, consisting of 10 persons (5 females + 5 males). Passed and races are held on the parallels. Application, certified by a physician and teacher, served the day before the event the Chief Judge. The relay traditionally consists of 10 stages. On the appointed day, the team, along with cool heads gather for the grand opening event. At the parade marks the opening of the national anthem and raised the national flag of Russia. Participants welcomed the representatives of the village administration, schools, business leaders. It seems the refereeing. At the end of the ceremony participants are bred in stages, and given the start relay. The route is located steps so that the finish of the last stage coincides with the start line. This enables viewers to watch the course of events throughout the race. At the closing advertised parade up the baton and conduct the competition sponsors the award winners and all participants. Such a relay race at the beginning of the school year gives cheerfulness and good humor, is a good way to unite the school community.
The most popular at our school in the "Open Day" contest began, "Mom, Dad, I - sporting family", and volleyball competitions (basketball) between the teams of children, parents and teachers.
Preparations for the "Day of Open Doors" begins one month prior to the scheduled date. The council selected the team gymnastics organizing committee, which consists of:
- The head teacher of educational work, the chairman of the collective physical,
- Representative of the parent committee, the teacher of physical culture.
The organizing committee is developing a program of competitions, conducting propaganda work. 10-15 days colorfully decorated position posted on the school stands, and the announcement of the date, time and venue of the competition around the village. To the competition involved in various public and private organizations to provide sponsorship. In preparation for the competition, "Mom, Dad, I - sporting family" is defined as the child's age, and in accordance with age-compiled program competitions.
The opening celebration begins with the construction team members, where they represent the name and the motto of his family team. Then called the jury, whose members include representatives from school administration, parents and students. Declare a program of competitions and rating system for each contest. Points received commands immediately posted on the bulletin board that participants and spectators can directly see the outcome of each competition.
A. Line Relay with running. The participants are arranged in columns, one in front of the front line. At an equal distance from the starting line before each team put the rack. Begin to relay the pope. On judge's signal, they start with a high run to the posts, rounds them back to their team, pass the baton to mothers, their hands touching his hand, and are at the end of his columns. The team, the first coming from a relay race.
Two. "Waiter," At a signal from the baton begins dad. He has to carry the balloon on the tray before bowling and back, passing his mother. My mother, in turn, passes the baton to his son or daughter.
Three. "Centipede" People are running at a time, obegaya rack. When the Pope obbegat team for him clinging mother, etc. The winner is the team that finishes before the baton.
4. "Through the eye of a needle" Dad runs to the hoop, pass through it by himself, leaves on the line, running up front, obbegat it again pass through the hoop and passes the baton to his mother touching his hands, etc.
Five. "Hockey," the whole family participates. Alternately, are large inflatable gymnastic stick the ball past the pins, put the snake.
6. "Wedding Ring" Mom and Dad participate. Attaching dissimilar feet in the hoop, Dad and Mom in a position obbegat stand, and move to the finish line.
7. "Cinderella" The relay race begins dad. He picks up the bucket, which contains the dice, and the signal runs forward, pours on the midline blocks, comes back and passes the empty bucket mom. She runs, collects blocks, passes the bucket to his son (daughter), who once again pours cubes. Mum collects "garbage" in a bucket again. In the relay race wins is the team whose mother quickly collect "junk" into the bucket and return to the team.
Eight. "Baba Yaga in the rear of the enemy," the Pope sits astride a broom, holding her hands between her legs. In his "broom" needs obbezhat rack and return to pass the mop mother, etc.
At the end of the competition closing parade is held, at which the award winners and participants of the prizes.
At the end of family events on the playing field among the invited teams of high school students, their parents and teachers. Captains represent their team. Carried out the draw and start playing volleyball (basketball). Judges are selected in advance from among the students and parents. At the end of games at the award ceremony held teams of parents, students, teachers, souvenirs and gifts.
These social events for children, parents, teachers have a positive effect not only in achieving athletic performance, but more to bring together children from their parents and teachers. Competitions are very emotional, and give all participants a great boost of energy and health. Thus, physical education and sports have become an integral part of a healthy lifestyle at home.